Communicative Language Teaching in Indonesia: Issues of Theoretical Assumptions and Challenges in the Classroom Practice

The Indonesian Ministry of National Education has, for the past two decades, been trying to reform English instruction at junior and senior high schools across the country. This paper describes the issues surrounding the reform initiative and the response the system has made to address the issues. It is asserted that the same problems that have faced English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers in the past face them today–the difficulty in preparing students to use the English language for real-life purposes after a course of study. It is argued that the communicative approach has failed to help students become any more competent in the use of the English language for real-life purposes. Government policy has not markedly improved the situation. This paper addresses these issues and elaborates on the implications of these issues. It discusses the Indonesian government’s 1994 English Curriculum and makes suggestions as to how to achieve the goals of the new curriculum. It is argued that too much emphasis is placed on the learning of grammar and syntax, and not enough time and effort is spent on actually learning to speak English as it is spoken in countries where it is the first language. Possible ways to improve this situation are examined.

Read more: Click here

About bachrudinmusthafa 42 Articles
Tercatat dilahirkan pada tanggal 10 Maret 1957 dari pasangan Hj Maemunah dan H. Radi Musthafa (semoga Allah Swt menyayangi mereka berdua), Bachrudin Musthafa sangat betah mempelajari bahasa sejak kecil. Sekolah Dasar (dengan nilai “ujian negara” 100 untuk bahasa Indonesia, dan masing-masing 90 untuk Matematika dan Pengetahuan Umum) sampai Sekolah Menengah Atas diselesaikan di Cirebon, sebelum kemudian hijrah untuk kuliah di IKIP Bandung (1979-1984). Setamat dari prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FKSS (kini FPBS) di Kampus Bumi Siliwangi Bandung ini, Bachrudin Musthafa bekerja di Technical Assistance Management Unit (TAMU) di bawah Proyek Bank Dunia XI Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi sampai bulan Mei 1990. Bulan Agustus 1990 sampai September 1997 Bachrudin Musthafa menjalani tugas belajar di Amerika Serikat. Program Master diselesaikannya di IUP (Indiana University of Pennsylvania) dengan konsentrasi kepakaran English Rhetoric and Linguistics (1990-1992) dan program doktor dalam bidang Literacy Studies diselesaikannya di The Ohio State University (OSU), Columus, Ohio, USA (1992-1997). Dengan bekal yang dikembangkannya di USA selama tujuah tahun itu, Bachrudin Musthafa selama ini mengajar di prodi Bahasa Inggris jenjang S1, S2, dan S3 dengan spesialisasi dalam Exploring Poetry; Exploring Drama; dan Literary Research (S1); Teaching English to Young Learners; Qualitative Research Methods; dan Qualitative Data Analysis (S2); dan Llanguage Policy & Planning (S3), dan beberapa matakuliah literasi dalam Bahasa Indonesia di program S2 dan S3 Pendidikan Dasar SPs-UPI, Minat keilmuannya berkisar pada literasi dini dan literasi remaja; dan metode penelitian bidang literasi.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*