Assessment Strategies for Optimal Literacy Acquisition

Current conceptions of literacy and what being literate means are discussed, and the strengths and weaknesses of the standardized multiple-choice test as a tool for assessing literacy proficiency and a way to report learning progress are explored. The possible advantages of alternative assessment strategies are reviewed, and an assessment model is proposed to ensure the optimal acquisition of literacy and external accountability. Literacy is a complex phenomenon, not a monolithic state with processes that can be captured by a single instrument. It has been argued that the standardized multiple-choice test format has driven instruction toward lower-order cognitive skills, and that such a test puts both teacher and learner in passive, reactive roles. The available standardized testing system rests on the faulty assumptions that literacy is a unitary state of being and that its development follows a linear line. Alternative assessment, regardless of the terms used to label it, is alternative to standardized achievement tests in that it examines learners’ performances on significant tasks related to real-life achievement outside the classroom. The process-oriented and classroom-embedded nature of alternative assessment holds the promise of giving useful feedback for the improvement of instruction. Theories of social constructivism and sociocultural perspectives have indicated that learning is inherently social. To promote real learning, a model based on these theories suggests that it is important to align the curriculum with the child’s individual growth, to understand classroom assessment procedures, and to know class members and their abilities.

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About bachrudinmusthafa 42 Articles
Tercatat dilahirkan pada tanggal 10 Maret 1957 dari pasangan Hj Maemunah dan H. Radi Musthafa (semoga Allah Swt menyayangi mereka berdua), Bachrudin Musthafa sangat betah mempelajari bahasa sejak kecil. Sekolah Dasar (dengan nilai “ujian negara” 100 untuk bahasa Indonesia, dan masing-masing 90 untuk Matematika dan Pengetahuan Umum) sampai Sekolah Menengah Atas diselesaikan di Cirebon, sebelum kemudian hijrah untuk kuliah di IKIP Bandung (1979-1984). Setamat dari prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris FKSS (kini FPBS) di Kampus Bumi Siliwangi Bandung ini, Bachrudin Musthafa bekerja di Technical Assistance Management Unit (TAMU) di bawah Proyek Bank Dunia XI Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi sampai bulan Mei 1990. Bulan Agustus 1990 sampai September 1997 Bachrudin Musthafa menjalani tugas belajar di Amerika Serikat. Program Master diselesaikannya di IUP (Indiana University of Pennsylvania) dengan konsentrasi kepakaran English Rhetoric and Linguistics (1990-1992) dan program doktor dalam bidang Literacy Studies diselesaikannya di The Ohio State University (OSU), Columus, Ohio, USA (1992-1997). Dengan bekal yang dikembangkannya di USA selama tujuah tahun itu, Bachrudin Musthafa selama ini mengajar di prodi Bahasa Inggris jenjang S1, S2, dan S3 dengan spesialisasi dalam Exploring Poetry; Exploring Drama; dan Literary Research (S1); Teaching English to Young Learners; Qualitative Research Methods; dan Qualitative Data Analysis (S2); dan Llanguage Policy & Planning (S3), dan beberapa matakuliah literasi dalam Bahasa Indonesia di program S2 dan S3 Pendidikan Dasar SPs-UPI, Minat keilmuannya berkisar pada literasi dini dan literasi remaja; dan metode penelitian bidang literasi.

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